This guide outlines how you can structure your training season and gives you a sense of direction.
For duration of 2-4 weeks for rest and recovery, both mentally and physically.
If you don't take a break, you'll find yourself burned out, over-trained, and or perhaps injured.
For duration of 1-4 weeks for general strength and aerobic fitness as well as improving technical skills.
For duration of 9-12 weeks to improve aerobic fitness, maximum strength, improve fat metabolism and weight loss.
For duration of 6-9 weeks to improve anaerobic fitness and focus on specific training which mimics the demands of your goal/race/event.
For duration of 1-2 weeks reduced training volume to allow for rest and adaptation.
For a duration of 1-4 weeks or up to 8 weeks depending on your fatigue.
A little more into the phases....
When: Minimum 7 to 8 months before your planned peak phase, which is 2 weeks before your race week.
This is a must and the goal of this phase is rest and recovery - to reduce total body stress, and allow for a period of recovery from the physical and mental fatigue that has accumulated from the season. The main purpose of this phase is rest and recovery, however you should stay active and only at lowest level – intensity and duration, and without any structure.
Duration: 2-4 weeks
Activities: Low intensity activities such as jogging, walking, swimming, etc.
When: Minimum 5 to 6 months before your planned peak phase, which is 2 weeks before your race week.
The goal of this phase is to develop general fitness through cross–training i.e. lifting weights, core training, flexibility training and aerobic activities such as running in the beginning and cycling as the phase progresses. By doing this phase you are laying the foundation for the more intense to come and lowering the risk of injury.
Duration: 1 to 4 Weeks
Activities: Mountain biking, running, weight training, swimming.
When: 16 to 20 weeks before your planned peak phase, which is 2 weeks before your race week.
The goal of this phase is to reducing activities such as running, swimming and hiking and increase the amount of hours on the bike at mostly endurance pace and as the phase progresses include some structure sessions that are just below your threshold.
There are no shortcuts in the base phase, you have to put in the hours.
Duration: 9 to 12 weeks.
Activities: Increased time on bike, lower body strength training and core training, and flexibility work.
When: 6 to 9 weeks before your planned peak phase, which is 2 weeks before your race week.
In this phase you should be focus shifts to your strengths, the specific demands of your race, and includes workouts for improving lactate tolerance, VO2, both aerobic and anaerobic endurance.
Duration: 6 to 9 weeks.